Using artificial intelligence to detect breast cancer

Machine learning diagnostics offer potential but some obstacles remain

By Avishek Choudhury

Cancer is an ensemble of diseases with gigantic molecular miscellany between the tumors of afflicted patients. Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), also known as infiltrating ductal carcinoma or carcinoma of no special type (NST), is characterized by hard lumps with asymmetrical borders. The IDC lump typically feels firmer than that of a benign breast protuberance. Invasive breast cancers spread from the origin (either the milk ducts or the lobules) into the adjoining breast tissue. These constitute approximately 70% of all breast cancer cases, and have inferior prognoses compared to the in-situ sub-types.

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