Innovation by Nabil Nasr 

ISE's quarterly column about sustainability and innovation (December 2016) 

Resource efficiency and the circular economy

The future will be circular, and in the manufacturing economy, this means that economic growth will depend more on extracting value from existing materials than securing new supplies. Perhaps one of the greatest opportunities for innovation in the circular economy is in remanufacturing – restoring products at the end of life to like-new condition – a system that, by leveraging existing markets and infrastructure, offers a useful starting point from which to facilitate a broader transition.

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