Z94.15 - Organization Planning and Theory

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BEHAVIOR. Those minimum sequences of actions or movements by an individual to which meaning can be assigned. The mode of conduct that a person exhibits.

BEHAVIORAL ETHIC. The set of central cultural values that constitutes a society's expectations about human purposes and its driving force for (or against) social change.

BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION. A technique developed from the work of B.F. Skinner that provides for a systematic coupling of desired behavior and desired rewards to achieve desired outcomes through scheduling reinforcements.

BEHAVIORAL THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP. Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from non-leaders.

BIOLOGICAL SCHOOL OF JOB DESIGN. Job design efforts that focus on improving the comfort and physical well-being of the employee.

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE. The currently popular phrase for the various disciplines which study human behavior. As such, all of the traditional social sciences are included. Some argue that in the singular the phrase implies a spurious unity among these various disciplines.

BOUNDED RATIONALITY.  Individuals make decisions by constructing simplified models that extract the essential features from problems without capturing all their complexity.

BRAINSTORMING. A idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives, while withholding any criticism of those alternatives.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. A group of people that oversees the governance and management of an organization or corporation. Among its functions are those of trusteeship for constituent groups and clients, determination of policies, overall objectives, selection and/or approval of major executives, review of performance, trusteeship of assets, and distribution of earnings. Syn: Board of Trustees in non-profit making organizations.

BUREAUCRACY. A large, formal organization characterized by emphasis on form, hierarchy of levels, specialization of labor, established rules and standards of conduct, records and data keeping, and professionalization of administration.

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