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NATIONAL EMERGENCY DISPUTE. Term used in the Labor Management Relations (Taft-Hartley) Act to designate an actual or threatened strike or lockout which may imperil the national health or safety. If such a possibility exists in the opinion of the President, he or she may appoint a board of inquiry to investigate the issues in the dispute. Upon receiving a report from the board, the President may direct the Attorney General to petition the appropriate district court for a time specified injunction, during which the board of inquiry and the National Labor Relations Board have certain functions to perform. If no settlement is reached during this cooling-off period, the parties are free to resume their dispute, and the President may recommend appropriate action to the Congress.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH). A federal agency created to aid in the research, dissemination, and education of health and safety issues and provides expertise to organizations in need of such services.

NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT (WAGNER ACT OF 1935). Basic federal act guaranteeing workers the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing. Also defined “unfair labor practices” as regards employers. Amended by the Labor Management Relations Act, 1947 and the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959.

NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD (NLRB). Agency created by the National Labor Relations Act, 1935, and continued through subsequent amendments, whose functions are to define appropriate bargaining units, to hold elections to determine whether a majority of workers want to be represented by a specific union or no union, to certify unions to represent employees, to interpret and apply the act’s provisions prohibiting certain employer and union unfair practices, and other wise to administer the provisions of the act. (See LABOR MANAGEMENT RELATIONS ACT, 1947.)

NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD. Agency established by the Railway Labor Act, 1926, to provide aid in settling disputes between railway and airline companies and unions over union representation, negotiation of changes in agreements, and interpretation of agreements reached through mediation.

NATIONAL RAILROAD ADJUSTMENT BOARD. Federal agency established in 1934 which functions as a board of arbitration, handing down final and binding decisions on disputes arising out of grievances, or the application and interpretation of agreements.

NATIONAL UNION. Ordinarily, a union composed of a number of affiliated local unions. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, in the union directory, defines a national union as one with agreements with different employers in more than one state, or an affiliate of the AFL-CIO, or a national organization of government employees.



NON-CONTRIBUTORY BENEFIT PLAN. A plan in which the employer pays the entire premium or the full cost of building up a fund from which to pay benefits.

NON-CONTRIBUTORY PENSION PLAN. A pension plan for the benefit of the employee under which the entire cost is borne by the employer. (See CONTRIBUTORY PENSION PLAN.)

NON-EXEMPT EMPLOYEES. All employees covered by the Wage and Hour Law and not exempted from the requirements of that law.

NON-FINANCIAL INCENTIVE (PLAN). All influences, other than financial, which tend to stimulate employees to higher levels of productivity, such as promotion, training, competition with others, recognition, praise, and, at times, reprimands. Programs to achieve the above.

NON-FINANCIAL REWARDS. The rewards given an employee for his/her services which have no direct financial value. Such rewards might include recognition for certain achievements by letter, postings, certificates, or announcements.

NON-PERFORMANCE PAY. Payment in recognition of certain events or occurrences such as service, anniversary, or generally observed holidays.

NON-PRODUCTION BONUS. An extra payment to employees which depends on factors other than the output of the individual worker, such as profit-sharing, safety, attendance, and Christmas bonuses. (See BONUS PLAN, PRODUCTION BONUS.)

NON-PRODUCTIVE LABOR. Term sometimes applied to indirect labor.

NONQUALIFIED PENSION PLANS. Pension plans that do not come under the purview of ERISA. In addition, under these plans, the employer’s contribution is not tax deductible, and the employee is taxed on contributions.

NON-QUANTITATIVE JOB EVALUATION. Any method of job evaluation that does not employ quantitative methods in the valuing of jobs. Examples of non- quantitative job evaluation methods include classification and job ranking.

NORMALIZE. To adjust observed data to a standard base. (See LEVELING.)


NORMAL PACE. Work pace associated with normal or standard production. (See NORMAL PERFORMANCE.)

NORMAL PERFORMANCE. The work output of a qualified employee working with standardized work procedures, excluding time for allowances.


NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE. In technical terms, the earliest age at which a worker under a pension plan may retire of his/her own accord and receive the full amount of benefits to which he/she is entitled under the normal benefit formula of the plan. In most plans, and under social security, this age is 65 years. Historically, it is the age “set” by Prince von Bismarck. 


NO-STRIKE, NO-LOCKOUT CLAUSE. Provision in a collective bargaining agreement through which the union agrees not to strike and the employer agrees not to lock out employees for the duration of the contract. These pledges may be hedged by certain qualifications, e.g., the union may strike if the employer violates the agreement.

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